Tuesday, July 5, 2016

The Individual Impact of Raising Minimum Wage

Updated December 2017

Over the past few years we've been hearing a great deal about raising the minimum wage.  Obviously, these higher earnings will have several positive and negative impacts on workers' net income as follows:

1.) Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits will fall.

2.) payroll and income taxes may fall or rise depending on the state of residence and whether higher payroll and state income taxes are offset by increases in federal- and state-earned income tax credits (EITC) and child tax credits (CTC).

A study by the Tax Policy Center analyzes the impact of higher minimum by looking at a hypothetical case; a single mother with two children under the age of 10.  She earns the state minimum wage and works full-time for 40 hours per week.  She pays $600 in monthly rent and gets SNAP benefits.  She also pays both income and payroll taxes and qualifies for refundable tax credits.  Here is the Tax Policy Center's analysis showing the impact of increasing minimum wage for each of the eight states on the hypothetical recipient's income, taxes, SNAP benefits and net income:

Obviously, in each state, the hypothetical mother's income would increase by between $170 (South Carolina) and $867 per month (California) as shown in light blue.  Her SNAP benefits as shown in medium blue would decrease by between $62 and $270 (South Carolina and Ohio respectively) and her income taxes would increase by between $90 and $340 (Alabama and Oregon respectively).  This would leave her with a net take home income increase of between $120 and $390 (South Carolina and California respectively) thanks to higher minimum wage levels.  The authors' calculations show that this hypothetical worker in California would see 55 percent of her wage increase eaten up by lower SNAP benefits and higher payroll and income taxes and a worker in the same situation in Colorado would see 78 percent of her higher wages eaten up by lower SNAP benefits and higher payroll and income taxes.

If you wish, you can calculate how much a family's benefits from safety-net programs and how much state and federal income and payroll taxes will change using the Urban Institute's Net Income Change Calculator that you can find here

While most of America's lowest paid workers would benefit from raised minimum wages, there is no doubt that these proposed increases will result in far lower net take-home pay than these earners are likely expecting.


  1. The minimum wage has gained momentum among policymakers as a way to alleviate rising wage and income inequality. Much of the debate over this policy centers on whether raising the minimum wage causes job loss, as well as the potential magnitude of those losses. Recent research shows conflicting evidence on both sides of the issue. In general, the evidence suggests that it is appropriate to weigh the cost of potential job losses from a higher minimum wage against the benefits of wage increases for other workers.

  2. All raising the minimum wage does is lower the purchasing power of the dollar. It take a few years for the system to adapt but when it does everyone's purchasing power is lowered everyone gets poorer. The folk that make slightly more then the new min feel it first and the most. But all will see a decline in their quality of life as the dollar will not buy as much.

    1. by the same logic no one should get pay raises ever. the above is more propeganda than economic theory.

    2. If the FED didn't have a mandate to create inflation to help cope with the national debt, no one would need raises the cost of goods naturally go down or up based on supply and demand. The current system is so messed nothing works the way it should. So yes if things worked correctly no one should get raises as they wouldn't be needed.

    3. If this were true, the dollar's purchase power would not have changed since 2009.